The objectives of the energy transition
The energy transition is based on two principles: the reduction of primary energy consumption and the development of renewable energy. However, these changes do not affect the impact of fossil energies.
Most of fossil resources will remain prominent in the energy mix with a percentage estimated at more than 80% by 2030. Gas and oil will represent 40 to 50% of primary energy consumed against 15% for renewable energies.
Out of 70 competitiveness clusters in France, 12 focus mainly on renewable energies and POLE AVENIA is the only cluster focused on fossil energy, geothermal, geological storage of CO2 and of energy.
So, it is important that POLE AVENIA also focus on those sectors, to contribute to reducing our dependence on fossil energies during the energy transition.
POLE AVENIA’s AMBITION: Promote the subsurface component of the energy mix
This ambition has twofold objective in France & worldwide: develop sustainable technologies for the geosciences and facilitate technology transfer in 3 areas:
- Oil and Gas
- Deep Geothermal resources
- Geological storage of energy and CO2
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Looking at primary energies, oil & gas will still represent 42% of the mix in 2030, according to the Grenelle scenario published in 2011 by the French Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy, 46% according to pre-Grenelle scenario and 49% according to the ADEME scenario of 2012, versus 12%, 9% & 30% for renewable energies according to those same scenarios.
These trends highlight two strategic aims:
- Reduction of the energy dependence: the French energy bill which reached 61 G€ in 2011 will, by 2030, fluctuate between a relatively stationary 60+ G€ (Grenelle scenario) and 80+ G€ (Pre-Grenelle – but after a gradual increase), according to AIE price predictions (134.5 $/b in 2030)
- The necessity of decarbonizing fossil energies through subsurface storage of CO2 to reach greenhouse gas emission reduction objectives.